A general introduction to Media and Entertainment Law in Lithuania

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Lithuania is the largest media and entertainment market in the Baltic region. In the year In 2022, the Lithuanian media and entertainment industry had a total revenue of EUR 1.184 billion and employed approximately 39,000 media workers (6,000 in the information sector and 33,000 in all cultural sectors).2 Television, radio and news websites are the most popular forms of media, while consumption of print media is in line with the global downward trend in environmental considerations. According to official 2022 statistics, 88 percent (compared to 87 percent in 2021) of Lithuanians aged 16 to 74 use the Internet (in the 16 to 24 group, the figure reaches 100 percent).3 The large number of Internet users has led to rapid growth in digital media, which is further boosted by the rapid development of the 5G network, which is expected to be completed in Lithuania by 2025. Local and regional media ownership is concentrated between small local and foreign companies. The media landscape consists of the public broadcaster Lithuanian National Radio and Television and major private broadcasting companies such as TV3 Group, nine television stations, three radio stations and smaller media operations, and five television stations in the LNK Group.4 The government supports the media by partially funding cultural, media safety, media literacy and educational projects.

In the year In 2023, Lithuania will rank seventh out of 180 countries (compared to 9th in 2022) in Reporters Without Borders’ World Press Freedom Index;5 Advanced countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States. Although the media operate independently of the government, anti-Western rhetoric in Russian media targeting the Baltic states has been tightly controlled.6 In the year Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022, there are further initiatives to impose more media control measures.

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