Dubai climate conference ‘COP28’ this week; over 200 countries invited. Details

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World leaders are gearing up for the 28th United Nations Climate Change Conference, or Conference of the Parties (COP28), to tackle climate change globally after a year on a mission to curb climate change. COP28 will be held from November 28 to December 12 under the presidency of the United Arab Emirates.

The COP28 meeting is being held in the United Arab Emirates. (Credit: Reuters)

What is COP28 and why is it important?

COP28 is the 28th United Nations climate summit where leaders from around the world will meet and discuss ways and measures to limit and prepare for climate change. ‘COP’ stands for ‘Conference of the Parties’ – It refers to the parties that signed the first United Nations climate agreement in 1992. The conferences are important because they are intended for governments to agree on policies to limit global warming. and adaptation to the impacts associated with climate change.

In particular, the 21st COP (COP21) meeting brought about the Paris Agreement, which limits global warming to 1.5C by 2100 from pre-industrial levels. turn into.

COP28 in the UAE is a controversial issue.

The United Arab Emirates is one of the top 10 oil producing countries in the world. Oil, being a fossil fuel, is a major cause of climate change because it releases planet-warming greenhouse gases during its production. The United Arab Emirates has a very hot and humid climate, making it one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world. Without emissions reductions, long-term wet-bulb temperatures in the region are expected to exceed 35°C (95°F) by the 2070s.

However, the UAE is making efforts to reduce emissions in various economic sectors, including promoting organic and hydroponic agriculture, building the Etihad Railway and reducing waste. The Middle Eastern country has pledged to reduce carbon emissions to zero by 2050, becoming the first country to sign the Paris Agreement.

What will be discussed during the conference?

According to reports, this year’s COP28 is expected to emphasize the importance of collective action to stop climate change and the critical role of finance in the low-carbon transition. There will also be a focus on getting money for climate action from rich countries to poor countries.

Who is invited to COP28?

This week, delegates from nearly 200 countries – more than 70,000 people – are expected to attend what could be the largest UN climate conference yet. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will travel to Dubai from November 30 to December 1 for the World Climate Action Summit – the high-level segment of COP28. Other leaders including UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and Pope Francis They confirmed their presence. However, US President Joe Biden will not be present.



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