Opinion | Here’s a deal to restore asylum, and order, at the border

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Republicans have one thing right about the border: The Biden administration’s strategy to keep asylum seekers from flowing into the US isn’t working.

a lot of, including us, had high hopes. But last fiscal year 3.2 million “matchesWith immigrants — at official points of entry or, more often, when the Border Patrol intercepts illegal immigrants — it’s been recorded by a very long shot. Chances will be higher this fiscal year.

Democrats may balk at the proposal, but the Republican proposal that it should be harder for asylum seekers to enter the U.S. makes some sense. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people arrive at the southern border hoping to leave a grim existence behind, but most are not fleeing persecution for fear of life or limb. They seek asylum because the US asylum system is the only door to knock on.

For many of these refugees, limiting the right to asylum – by increasing the level of verification required to apply for those caught illegally or by establishing immigration courts to quickly adjudicate asylum applications – cannot act as a deterrent, but to return to border stability. It also provides a means of refuge for those who fear for their lives.

And, once again, Republicans must admit that their proposals are not the answer to the problem. American history is full of failed attempts to build an impenetrable frontier. These efforts did not lead the refugees to him with a sense of desperation. If Republicans want to stop cracking down on asylum seekers at the border, they need to offer other options to incoming immigrants.

The Biden administration’s failure to protect immigrants illustrates these points. In May, after the Biden administration stopped using the Covid emergency as an excuse, it said asylum seekers caught by Border Patrol would be deemed ineligible for asylum, deported and barred from return for five years. Still, 64 percent of the 189,000 arrested in October were released with notices to appear in court.

Of the 44,000 who arrived at official border crossings that month using CBP’s one smartphone app while traveling through northern Mexico, all were later handed over to see a judge.

Because there aren’t enough judges to try these cases quickly – he had a backlog in June. About 2.2 million people Waiting for their day in court – the final decision can take years. This is not a process of persuading future migrants to come because their chances of entry are low.

There are reasons for this failure. One is the lack of resources The congressional research service was completed At least 700 immigration judges will be needed to clear asylum cases within 10 years, up from the 649 employed at the end of the last fiscal year. The Biden administration has also refused to restrict new arrivals to families or minors with a large share, preferring to release them to wait for their cases to be heard rather than detain or deport them.

But it would be a mistake to conclude that those implemented during the Trump administration — when children are separated from their families and placed in cages — will provide a more effective deterrent. In the last 10 months of the Trump administration, immigration contacts with the Border Patrol have increased 365 percent. At the end of Trump’s term, there were more than 1.2 million pending asylum cases, up from 520,000 at the beginning.

Indeed, if there is anything to be learned from the many attempts to fix the border problem, the best policies are those that open new doors. The provision of “humanitarian amnesty” to Cubans, Haitians and Nicaraguans applying from their countries of origin would significantly end border conflicts. (It didn’t cut off people from Venezuela, in part because Venezuelans have a hard time getting passports, which are necessary to apply for.)

Republican efforts to curb new forms of immigration are counterintuitive. If the goal is to shift immigration into the U.S. from a crackdown to a more orderly process, the country will move beyond efforts to harden its borders — as some have argued — to create new gateways.

A bilateral agreement — more border resources and system improvements, in return for more roads — is the best way to fix the border.

Post View | About the editorial board

Editorials represent the views of the Post as an institution, as determined by discussion among members Editorial BoardIt is based on the comments section and is different from the news section.

Editorial Board Members: Opinion editor David ShipleyDeputy opinion editor Charles Lane and deputy opinion editor Stephen StrombergAlso, writers Mary Dueld, Christine Mba, Shadi Hamid, David E. Hoffman, James Homan, Heather Long, Milli Mitra, Eduardo Porter, Keith B. Richburg And Molly Roberts.

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