What will EVs be like in ten years?

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By Mehdi Seidmahmoudian, Saad Mehilf, Said Ghazizadeh and Alex Stojczewski, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne

Picture the scenario: you’re driving your electric car to the shops and notice that the battery is running low.

do not worry. You park in an available bay, and while you shop for groceries and grab a cappuccino, your car is charging. No strings, no stress. The whole process is automatic.

Thank you for the latest developments Wireless power transmission researchhas become possible. Charge EVs They are used for smartphones without the need for cables, just like wireless chargers.

This is the future of EVs. And not far.

From former Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, EVs are “far from the fear that they can.”It ends the weekend“In the near future, Christmas at the beach could benefit from wireless charging infrastructure built into the highways you take to get there.

This allows you to charge your EV while on the road, known as Flexible wireless charging.

Most EVs today can travel far beyond. 300 km per charge – More than most people need for everyday use, but not enough when embarking on a long journey.

But in Flexible wireless charging technology integrated into the highway infrastructure, region stress It won’t be something you have to think about anymore.

You don’t need to buy an expensive EV with a big battery that covers hundreds of kilometers – batteries The most expensive part of the EV – When your average daily mileage is only a few tens of kilometers.

The extensive list Advantages of EV It is very interesting – at least how they help to reduce the world Related to transportation Greenhouse gas emissions.

However, we still have a long way to go before we reach that utopia.

Despite their environmentally friendly facade, EVs produce More carbon emissions than their internal combustion engine counterparts during production.

This is mainly referred to by Environmentally friendly processes Production of massive batteries used in EVs.

Maybe take an electric train instead of an EV?

Before the mid-size EV hits the road, an analysis is expected to come. 8,100 kg of CO2. But this will be offset in the lifetime of the EV due to its carbon-free proposition.

Whether wired or wireless, the environmental impact of EVs also depends on the carbon footprint of their power source.

If the electricity used to power it came only from coal-fired power plants, a mid-sized EV like the Tesla 3 would have to drive. 125,000 km Petrol powered Toyota Corolla to surpass environmental performance.

However, if grid recharging is done entirely by renewable sources, this break-even point will drop below 14,000 km.

The electrical grid must be able to handle such a massive influx of EVs and renewable resources.

EVs aren’t just like any other appliance in the home. Charging an electric car can take up to 22 kilowatts of energy – or 10 times the amount of energy it takes to draw or use your hair dryer at maximum capacity.

Handling this kind of massive power on a national scale, combined with the unpredictable nature of renewable resources, requires a grid that is not only smarter, but also more sustainable and sustainable. Decentralized than the existing infrastructure.

Grid To meet the growing use of EVs and the increasingly complex needs of the renewable energy resources that feed into them, digitization is needed first.

This means that the grid of the future will be a data-driven, AI-integrated network that will allow all energy components – from consumers to distributed generators and renewable resources – to connect to each other digitally and to the overall network.

The development of artificial intelligence and its related applications offer promising opportunities Manage These are the most sophisticated energy networks.

It is another challenge to overcome. Upgrade batteries That power EVs themselves.

They may also be because current batteries are expensive, bulky and difficult to produce sustainably. Easily damaged.

For example, fast chargers for EVs allow you to charge quickly, but they put a large amount of energy into the battery in a short period of time, causing inflation and damage. The battery.

There is also the problem of what to do when the battery in the EV reaches the end of its useful life, which is being worked on to see if they can be Recycled For permanent use in solar or wind farms.

Researchers are developing a process Recycling of EV batteries At the end of their life and breaking them down into their parts, they only produce low emissions.

But EV batteries have their own drawbacks, such as the ability to feed power back into the grid with bidirectional chargers and From vehicle to grid technology.

Such a future is here for some EV drivers. South Australia.

Imagine another scenario: you’re driving your EV to the shops and the money you spend on energy consumption while you shop pretty much covers the cost of your coffee and lunch.

Cosmos Debunks all the myths of electric vehicles. Part 1 below.

Associate Professor Mehdi Seidmahmoudian. Director of the Siemens Swinburne Energy Transition Center and Discipline Coordinator of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in the School of Science, Computing and Engineering Technology at Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia. His research interests include renewable energy systems, electric vehicles, microgrids, smart grids and AI integrated energy systems.

Professor Saad Mekhlef He is a Distinguished Professor in the School of Science, Computing and Engineering Technologies at Swinburne University of Technology and an Honorary Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Malaya. His research interests include energy conversion techniques, control of energy converters, high power point tracking, renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Said Ghazizadeh He is a PhD student in the School of Science, Computing and Engineering Technologies at Swinburne University of Technology. His doctoral research is on wireless charging technologies for electric vehicles.

Professor Alex Stojcevski He is Dean of the School of Science, Computing and Engineering Technologies at Swinburne University of Technology. His research interests include advanced statistics and big data, power system stability and control, smart grid and microgrid, electric vehicle research, artificial intelligence in manufacturing, and power system stability and control.

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