The Science Quiz | The volcanoes of Iceland

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A general view of the area, near the abandoned town of Grindavik, Iceland, on November 17, 2023. | Photo credit: Reuters


1. Name the volcano that erupted near the Vatnajökull glacier in 1783. The eruption is known for spewing large volumes of lava and large amounts of minerals. At that time, 25 percent of the country’s population died as a result, until the climate of the area was changed by the explosion.

2. X It is the name of a volcano that erupted in 2011, and before that in 2004, 1902 and a few other times. At the time of the eruption, it was the largest in Iceland in half a century, and it disrupted flights in nearby parts of Europe for a week. Ash from the eruption was scattered across Scotland and England. X is also Iceland’s most active volcano. Name X.

3. Scientists have classified the X eruption (in the previous question) as the Plinian eruption, called the ________ eruption because of its similarity to the famous eruption in 79 AD that destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum in Rome. These eruptions are characterized by powerful gas explosions, and volcanic materials such as rock and hot gases are shot into the stratosphere. Fill in the blank.

4. In 2010, an ice cap called ________________ in Iceland experienced three months of volcanic activity.The volcano spewed out massive amounts of ash, disrupting air travel and disrupting air travel, second only to World War II. The activity warmed the nearby Crosa river by 6 degrees Celsius. Fill in the blank.

5. In October and then in November of this year, seismologists found several earthquakes in a few kilometers near the Svartsengi volcanic system. On November 10, they recorded more than 20,000 tremors. The Icelandic Meteorological Office has declared that the danger of an explosion is imminent. Name the city that Iceland left as a precaution.


______________ (pictured above) Tuya Volcano is an unusual example: the volcano had a glacier cover at the same time. This is located in Vatnajökull National Park. Fill in the blank.


1. Rod fires

2. Grimvotn.

3. Vesuvius

4. Eyjafjallajökull

5. Pelvic hernia

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